Did you know that December 15, 2014 is Bill of Rights Day? The Bill of Rights includes our key amendments to the U. S. Constitution, and they protect our individual rights. States and individuals were concerned that the original Constitution did not protect individual rights. The Constitution was signed by the thirteen original states with the understanding that the Bill of Rights would be created, amending the new U.S. Constitution. On September 25, 1789 the first Congress of the United States proposed twelve amendments to the Constitution; however, only ten of the twelve were added to the Constitution on December 15, 1791.
Bill of Rights (summary)
Amendment #1: Freedom of speech, press and religion.
Amendment #2: The right to bear arms.
Amendment #3: Protection of homeowners from quartering troops, except during war.
Amendment #4: Rights and protections against unreasonable search and seizure.
Amendment #5: Right of due process of law, protections against double jeopardy, self incrimination.
Amendment #6: Rights of a speedy trial by jury of peers and rights of accused.
Amendment #7: Rights of trial by jury in civil cases.
Amendment #8: Protection from cruel and unusual punishment, excessive bail.
Amendment #9: Protection of rights not specified in the Bill of Rights.
Amendment #10: State rights, power of the states.
The two amendments that did not pass were about the number of representatives to Congress and compensation to representatives.
Read more about the Bill of Rights at billofrightsinstitute.org.
The Bill of Rights is very important to every person in the Unites States. If you would like more information about the Bill of Rights visit your local library and check out a few books. Here are some suggestions:
The Bill of Rights: The First Ten Amendments of the Constitution by David L. Hudson
The Bill of Rights by Don Nardo
In Defense of Liberty: The Story of America’s Bill of Rights by Russell Freedman