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census

Feb 24 2012

Leap year, the end of the World and 1940

by Patricia D

2012 is a really special year.  We’ve got an entire extra day to mess with at the end of February, which will be nice since according to some folks the world is going to end (again) in December.  We’ve got all the excitement and discussion (because that’s what we call it in my bi-partisan family) of a presidential election.   However,  there is something else.  Something that only comes every 10 years.   Something that has me a’quiverin’ with anticipation.  Yep, it’s time for another federal census to be released.  Access to each census is restricted for 72 years, and for the 1940 census that 72 years is just about up.  The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) will release the 1940 census on its website on April 2, 2012 at 9:00 a.m.

There are some good things and some things that will get better.  For example, although the records will be available FREE at the NARA website, it’s going to take some time to get them indexed.  For a while, unless you have an address or enumeration district,  looking for your folks is going to be a little frustrating.  The NARA has a great FAQ regarding the census, ideas on how best to construct searches without an index, and will have enumeration district maps available on-line to help with tracking down your quarry.  This will be a little frustrating to new genealogists who have only ever known the indexed information available online, but to those folks who remember reading an entire enumeration district to hit paydirt it will bring back strong memories—in my case memories of nausea from watching the microfilm whiz by.

Along with the NARA website, Ancestry.com will also have free access  but only through 2013.  Indexing will be done by volunteers.  If you’re interested there’s a webpage where you can register  and download the templates you’ll need. There’s also a Twitter feed (@the1940census)  and a Facebook page.  All of this is great, but leaves my head spinning when I think back to the release of the 1920 census.  It was quietly done, and we had to wait a loooong time for an index and an even longer time for digital access.

So.  Leap Day will be fun, I don’t really think the world is going to end on December 21, and I love the excitement of a presidential election.  2012 is all good for me.   April 2 will just be the buttercream (real buttercream, not that stuff the grocery store calls buttercream) icing on the cake.  In the 1940 census, people were asked 45 questions about their households and identifies, for the first time ever, the person giving the information.  Not only will I finally be finding people I have met (I know exactly where six of my great-grandparents were in 1940,)  but I’ll finally know which of my grandmothers liked to play fast and loose with the facts.

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I recently came across a very interesting post from the Oxford University Press blog which presents census data and analysis about librarians in the U.S. from 1880-2009. The article tracks the myriad changes in the profession over time, including the growth (and recent decline) in the number of librarians, the breakdown by age, gender, location, and race, and also wage/income data. I will summarize some of their findings below, but you can also review the full article here.

One of the interesting points from the article is how much the library profession has grown over the years. Back in 1880 when the U.S. Census first collected data on librarians, they counted only 636 nationwide. 110 years later, in 1990, the number of librarians reached its peak with 307,273 identifying themselves as members of the profession. Since then, the number of librarians has actually decreased significantly, to 212,742 as of 2009.

Another interesting change over time has been the predominant gender of the profession. While today women comprise 83% of librarians, back in the 1880s 52% of librarians were men. The percentage of men dropped to its lowest point in 1930, to 8%.

The article also discussed the change in librarians’ marital status. In 1880 1 in 3 librarians were married, and the marriage rate had declined further by 1920, to 1 in 10. In the decades since, however, the popular notion of the “spinster librarian” began to fade as marriage rates increased. Today 62% of librarians are married, the highest rate reported to date.

It is apparent from the article that the profession has changed a great deal over the years, although the commitment to serving the community and acting as stewards of knowledge remains the same. Considering the many changes that have occurred over the past 12+ decades, it will be intriguing to see how the profession continues to evolve throughout the remainder of the century.

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